Poster 300 - 10

$ 50.00

This Poster illustrates King Leonidas in Attack, Xerxes at his throne, Spartan Law Saying and Simonides epigram


King God Zeus:

Zeus - Dias is the father of Greek Gods and Greeks, he lives on his palace at top of Olympus Mountain in Macedonia. His symbols are the eagle and thunderbolt.



King Leonidas:

Leonidas was born in Sparta at 540 b.c. He was the 3rd son of King Anaxandridas who came from Agiades Kingship dynasty. Leonidas became king at 488 b.c. after succeeded his brother Kleomenis. The 2nd brother Dorieus has already died in battle so the kingship passed to Leonidas just 8 years before the Thermopylae battle. Leonidas had been married with Gorgo and he had a son Pleistarchus who became underage King after his father death at Thermopylae.



MOLON LAVE (come and get them):

Before battle Xerxes sent King Leonidas a message that he could avoid fight with gods by staying on his side as supervisor of Greece.

King Leonidas answered " if you knew what is good in this life, you could avoid to want things that does not belong to you. For me, is better to die for Greece than to be a supervisor to my race"

Xerxes said "surrender your weapons"

King Leonidas answered "ΜΟΛΩΝ ΛΑΒΕ" (MOLON LAVE - come and get them)



Spartan Law Saying “Η ΤΑΝ Η ΕΠΙ ΤΑΣ” (Ḕ tā̀n ḕ epì tâs)

"Either [with] it [your shield], or on it"

Meaning "either you will win the battle, or you will die and then be carried back home on your shield". According to the Spartan Law, no surrender, no retreat was permitted. This phrase was said by Spartan women and mothers to their husbands and  sons before they went out to battle to remind them of their bravery and duty to Sparta.



Simonides Epigram:

"Ὦ ξεῖν', ἀγγέλλειν Λακεδαιμονίοις ὅτι τῇδε κείμεθα, τοῖς κείνων ῥήμασι πειθόμενοι."

which means:

"friend, go and tell to Spartans, that here we are buried, obedient to their laws"



Aspis (Shield)

The «Aspis» in ancient Greece was a symbol of the Sacred Unity. The aspis carried by the Greek Hoplites (infantry) was used in order to establish a military formation in which the hoplite line up in close order to each other,  locking their shields together to make a human wall (half of the shield of one man protected his neighbour on his left side). The most dangerous position for hoplite was that last right position because the hoplite had not all his body covered. Usually, this position was taken by the brave kings. In ancient Greece it was disgraceful when an hoplite left their aspis as he was created a vulnerability to the Unity of the troop.  It was regarded as fearfulness or even betrayal if an Hoplite threw its Shield. In relation with that the Spartans used to say «η ταν η επι τας» which means "Either [with] it [your shield], or on it.

Poster Details:

ink: ΗQ photographic inks

Paper: HQ photographic paper 180gr

Height: 80cm (31.5")

Width: 60cm (23.6")





In Stock: 100

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